The Medicaid Dentist programs are optional services for the adult population, individuals age 21 and older. However, dental services are a required service for most Medicaid-eligible individuals under the age of 21, as a required component of the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic and Treatment (EPSDT) benefit.
Medicaid Dentist dental services must be provided at intervals that meet reasonable standards of dental practice, as determined by the state after consultation with recognized dental organizations involved in child health, and at such other intervals, as indicated by medical necessity, to determine the existence of a suspected illness or condition. Services must include at a minimum, relief of pain and infections, restoration of teeth and maintenance of dental health. Medicaid Dental services may not be limited to emergency services for EPSDT recipients.
Oral screening may be part of a physical exam, but does not substitute for a dental examination performed by a medicaid dentist as a result of a direct referral to a dentist. A direct dental referral is required for every child in accordance with the periodicity schedule set by the state. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services does not further define what specific dental services must be provided, however, EPSDT requires that all services coverable under the Medicaid program must be provided to EPSDT recipients if determined to be medically necessary. Under the Medicaid program, the state determines medical necessity.
If a condition requiring treatment is discovered during a screening by a medicaid dentist, the state must provide the necessary services to treat that condition, whether or not such services are included in the state's Medicaid plan.
Medicaid Dentists for Individual age 21 and older